AspectJ and AOP – The black magic of programming

Index

This post is part of an series of posts about AspectJ and AOP.

What is AOP?

Every time someone tries to explain AOP (Aspect Oriented Programming) they often use words like “magic” or “black magic”. And that’s understandable, especially if you come from an OOP world and come across AOP it really feels like “magic”: something is happening and you as a developer usually don’t know why, what or how.
AspectJ is one of the more well-known implementations for AOP in Java and is developed by the Eclipse Foundation. In this series of articles we will be concentrating on AspectJ’s implementation of AOP and how it works in Java.

So, let’s dive into AspectJ and make an effort of dispersing the mystic around the so-called “black magic”. Let’s start by building a dictionary with short explanations of some key terms.

AspectJ – Dictionary

Aspects

The easiest way to describe aspects is as a funky Java Class. An Aspect contains other things than a normal class such as; pointcuts, advice, advice bodies and inner-type declarations. An aspect may also contain regular java classes and methods.

Pointcuts

Defines, in a multitude of different ways, a point in the code. The pointcut defines when an advice should be run.

Advice / Advice Body

Similar to a java method; contains the code that will be run once a pointcut has been triggered.

Annotation – Not AOP specific

Consists of meta-data and can be used at methods, classes, parameters, packages and in variables. A java example containing a simple and complex example:

Annotations can contain an optional list of element-value pairs, such as ‘yourProperty = “someValue”‘ in the example above. In AspectJ we can define a pointcut by looking for annotations. The pointcut and advice can then use the element-value pairs from the annotation.

Weaving / Aspect weaving

There are a few different ways to inject the AOP code in our application, but one common denominator is that they all require some type of extra step to be applied to our code. This extra step is called weaving.

Compile-time weaving

If you have both the source code of the aspect and the code that you are using aspects in, you can compile your source-code and the aspect directly with an AspectJ compiler.

Post-compile weaving / Binary weaving

If you can’t, or don’t want to use source-code transforms to weave the aspects into the code, you can take already compiled classes or jars and inject aspects.

Load-time weaving

Acts the same way as post-compile weaving / binary weaving but waits to inject aspects into the code until the class loader loads the class file. This requires one or more weaving class loaders.

The end!?

Not by a long shot – this is the first in a series of articles that will introduce and describe AOP with AspectJ.

So stay tuned! Will update the list with links to the other articles once they have been published.

Index

This post is part of an series of posts about AspectJ and AOP.

1 Comment

  1. Mike

    Thanks for giving basic definitions for aspect terms

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